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03月19日 16 次浏览

留学生如何趁暑假找实习机会?我们来支招!

作者:Logan Clements
插图:Beryl Wu
编辑:Venus Wong

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今年暑假还打算在家里葛优躺吗?是时候该为你未来的发展做点什么了!相信你有听说身边不少人也拥有着令人羡慕的实习经历,打算利用暑假时间来好好干一场!那么,如何才能获得如意的实习机会呢?

别担心!刚着手开始找实习时的那种焦虑我都懂!当年的我也是同样不安。所以,在接下来的两期推送中,我们会针对不同类型实习与大家分享一些实用小建议。准备好了吗?准备迎接精彩的暑假吧!

关于实习,事先要做的功课还真不少。我们会在这两天的干货推文中给大家一一列出。总之,要想获得满意的实习机会,现在就得开始着手啦!

说到实习,我们最先想到的英文单词是“Internship”。实际上,国外“实习”有不同类型,叫法也不一样:

工作经历培养计划(Work Experience)

在英国,最常见的实习类型是“Work Experience”,主要培养实习者在某一领域、某一职位的工作经历,通常是短期、志愿无偿的项目,时长2-3周。在这段时间里,实习者有机会接触职场人士,对自己未来所从事领域的工作获得大致认知。举个栗,BBC(英国广播公司)每年招收100名在校学生进行为期两周的工作经历培养计划,让学生们了解在BBC工作是一种什么样的体验。

专业实习(Internship)

在美国留学的童鞋们应该对 Internship 十分熟悉。与“Work Experience”比起来,“Internship”持续时间更长(时长为整个暑假或一学期),专业性更强,从事的工作任务性质与全职相似,且可以获得一定酬劳。实习者可直接体验该职位的工作,毕业后往往有机会留在公司。

假如你还不太确定自己未来想从事什么行业,可以选择“Work Experience”项目;假如你想进一步深入体验某一行业的工作,那么“Internship”项目会是不错的选择。


实践训练课程(Placements)

还经常会听到有人用“Placements”这个词,它包含“Work Experience”和“Internships”两种形式,但通常是大学必修课程的一部门。比如说,医学院学生课程设置中就有安排“Placements”这门课,学生在医疗机构实习获得大量实践经验的同时还能获得学校认可的学分。

以上三个词在指代“实习”时经常会混着用,所以要记得事先与用人单位确认是哪种类型,才不会糊里糊涂上了“实习的船”。

在这里聊一下我自己的经验:大学的时候,我曾在学校影像部实习(Internship)了两个学期,主要工作是协助全职编辑制作和剪辑视频,同时上传视频到学校网站运动页面,这称不上“Placement”,因为没有学分可拿。找到这份实习是向辅导员咨询是否有体育媒体行业认识的人,那时并没打算以后走视频编辑这条路,只是想了解体育媒体行业大概是个什么样子。

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应该上哪获取实习信息?

当你了解不同类型实习的英文叫法以后,就可以开始着手搜索实习信息啦!在互联网时代, 招聘网站是获取工作信息的主要渠道之一。以下是对你有帮助找实习资源:

英国三大常用招聘网站:

  • Milkround.com - 这一网站的特色在于专为在校学生推荐实习、实战课程或给应届毕业生提供工作信息,大家可以通过搜索自己感兴趣的行业和工作地点来缩小范围。暂时没有自己感兴趣的职位?没关系,可以设置关键字提醒,一旦出现符合要求的工作,系统就会给你发邮件。
  • TARGETJobs.com - 上面有很多Work Experience、Internships类的实习信息,还有国外志愿教师、四大会计事务所等各种你想得到和想不到的招聘信息。
  • E4s.co.uk- 专为寻找暑期实习的人儿设立,还提供工作游学等信息。

美国三大常用招聘网站:

  • Internships.com - 在美国留学的朋友相信一定听说过教科书租用网Chegg,它的的创始人同时设立了Internships.com,你能在这个网站找到各种领域的实习招聘信息,从政府部门到新创公司,包罗万有。
  • InternQueen.com - 该网站由一名”实习达人创立 。在四年大学的时间里,她的实习数目15人。 如果您希望在更具创意的领域工作,如营销,公关或平面设计,应该从这里着手。
  • Idealist.org - F-1签证条例对于国际学生来说非常棘手:您只能通过申请Curricular Practical Training(CPT)才能合法地实习。 在非营利组织进行志愿服务和做无偿工作可以成为回避这一规则的明智之举。 Idealist.org在该领域提供各种无偿机会。


大家还可以直接去理想的公司主页查看是否有职位招收实习生。

除了网络资源,学校里就业指导中心也会通过校友等渠道提供相关信息。英美大学多数专门会有辅导员、就业指导专家。还未想清自己未来从事行业的你可以找就业指导专家寻求解答。

另外,找实习的过程中千万别忘了自己的人脉关系!多跟教授、朋友以及校友聊聊自己感兴趣的工作,说不定他们会有你想要的资源。同时,向这些人提问也是一门艺术。建议不要开门见山地求介绍,可以从“你是干什么工作的”、“为什么喜欢这一行业”这种问题入手,多谈谈对方的事业成就。交流深入后,再提出要求也不迟呢!

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在这里再聊一聊我的个人经验:我的第一份实习是在一家数字营销公司,当时通过大学校友渠道获得的信息。最开始我给校友发邮件聊了下他们为什么会去中国、为什么对从事的行业感兴趣之类的话题。在与他们邮件交流的过程中,我也弄清了自己的兴趣所在,还从校友那获得了不少实习信息。

好拉!以上便是我们《暑期实习》系列的第一部分内容,下一期我们会谈一谈实习面试的小窍门,敬请期待哟!

Everything You Need To Know About Getting A Summer Internship: Part 1

作者:Maren Engh
插图:Beryl Wu
编辑:Logan Clements, Venus Wong

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So you've decided that THIS summer will be the time to focus on your career. Your friends have been talking non-stop about their amazing work experiences and internships, and you've been wondering what the fuss is all about. They're supposed to make a huge difference in your future career development, but how exactly do you go about landing a good one?

Never fear, I've been in the same boat: I remember how daunting it was when I first started looking for an internships. Based on my personal experience, I've put together a guide different types of internships so you can make the most of your summer working.

This article should tell you everything you need to know about internships — before your next meeting with the student advisor. If you want to land something good, now is a pretty good time to start planning!

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Depending on where you are based, there are different types of experiences available:

Work Experience

Work Experience is the most common type of “internship” in the UK. It's an experience you gain while working in a field or occupation. It's usually on a volunteer basis and for a short period of time, from two to three weeks. You will often be shadowing someone working in your desired field and be able to get a feel for what it would be like to work in their career. For example, BBC offers work experience to over 1,000 students a year, with two-week experiences to show you what it'd be like to work at the BBC.

Internship
An internship is also a way to gain professional experience, except that you are given deliverables and tasks that are similar to what it would be like working there fulltime. Unlike work experiences, internships can be paid and usually last for a longer term, think a summer break or a semester. As an intern, you will learn through first-hand experience what it's like to work at the company and often interns are brought on as full-time employees after graduation.

Work experience is a great way to test out a variety of fields if you're not sure exactly what you want to do. In contrast, an internship is a good way to further explore a career once you start to narrow down your career options.

Placements
Lastly, you might hear the word “placements” tossed around in the career office. Placements are usually one of the above (internships or work experience) but it is a part of your academic program. for example, medical programs have placements as a part of their coursework. Students will gain experience working in a medical setting while also receiving university credit.

It's not surprising to have people use these three phrases interchangeably so it's important to clarify with your employer or contact exactly what your role and scope of work will be at the company. This will give you a better idea of exactly what type of experience you'll be getting.

At university, I had an internship in the video department of my school. It wasn't a placement as I didn't receive college credit but I worked for two semesters, assisting the full-time video editors to create new videos, cut tape, and upload new content to our athletics' website. I'd found the internship by asking an advisor if they knew of anyone working in sports media. I didn't exactly want to become a video editor after graduation but I knew that I wanted to start to see how parts of the sports media world work and the internship was the best way to get started.

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Useful Resources

Now you know the difference between these opportunities, it's time to start searching in the real world. The internet has always been a reliable source for looking for job opportunities.

These are the three most popular websites in the UK for your search:
 

  • Milkround.com - This site is dedicated to listing internships, placements and graduate jobs. You can search by career interest and location to narrow down your results. If you don't find what you're looking for, you can set job alerts so that you receive an email when a company you like or type of job you're interested in is newly listed.
  • TARGETJobs.com - Here you can browse work experience opportunities, as well as internships, with everything from volunteer teaching jobs abroad to working as a consultant at Deloitte.
  • E4s.co.uk- Tailored to help you search for summer internships, E4S also has internships, holiday jobs and more.

You can also go directly to the company's website to see if they have any openings or opportunities listed.

Here are some popular resources for internships for students in the US:
 

  • Internships.com - This site is founded by the entrepreneur behind Chegg, a widely used textbook rental service. You'll be able to find internships listing from a wide variety of industries, from government organizations to startups.
  • InternQueen.com - Founded by a former master intern who had a whopping 15 internships under her belt over four years, the site is a great place to start if you're looking to work in more creative fields, such as marketing, PR, or graphic design.
  • Idealist.org - The F-1 visa regulations are quite tricky for international students in the US: You're only legally allowed to get an internship through the Curricular Practical Training (CPT) program. Volunteering and doing unpaid work at a non-profit organization can be a smart way to circumvent the rule. Idealist.org offers a wide variety of unpaid opportunities in that field.

You can also work with your university's career department to learn more about opportunities through the school and alumni. Most universities will have a group of advisors and career counselors whose job is to help students find internship and work experiences. It's a great place to start if you're still figuring out what you're interested in. The trained counselors will be able to suggest industries and jobs you might not have thought about.

Lastly, don't forget to utilize your personal network in your internship and work experience search. Reach out to your professors, friends, and alumni to see if they know of any opportunities that might be interesting. Instead of outright asking, “Do you know of any companies that will hire me?”, ask them about their job and why they love doing what they do. You are focusing on them and their accomplishments instead of just asking for help. As the conversation progresses, you can start to ask about more specific ways that you could also break into the field.

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I got my first internship at the digital agency by asking around my university alumni network. I first started emailing alumni asking about how they'd moved to China and what got them interested in their field. Through my emails, I was able to learn what companies interested me the most and I received several internship opportunities just by asking around.

Stay tuned for Part 2 of our series, where we will go over tips on how to bring your A-game at your internship interview.

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