在美国留学的童鞋们应该对 Internship 十分熟悉。与“Work Experience”比起来，“Internship”持续时间更长（时长为整个暑假或一学期），专业性更强，从事的工作任务性质与全职相似，且可以获得一定酬劳。实习者可直接体验该职位的工作，毕业后往往有机会留在公司。
So you've decided that THIS summer will be the time to focus on your career. Your friends have been talking non-stop about their amazing work experiences and internships, and you've been wondering what the fuss is all about. They're supposed to make a huge difference in your future career development, but how exactly do you go about landing a good one?
Never fear, I've been in the same boat: I remember how daunting it was when I first started looking for an internships. Based on my personal experience, I've put together a guide different types of internships so you can make the most of your summer working.
This article should tell you everything you need to know about internships — before your next meeting with the student advisor. If you want to land something good, now is a pretty good time to start planning!
Depending on where you are based, there are different types of experiences available:
Work Experience is the most common type of “internship” in the UK. It's an experience you gain while working in a field or occupation. It's usually on a volunteer basis and for a short period of time, from two to three weeks. You will often be shadowing someone working in your desired field and be able to get a feel for what it would be like to work in their career. For example, BBC offers work experience to over 1,000 students a year, with two-week experiences to show you what it'd be like to work at the BBC.
An internship is also a way to gain professional experience, except that you are given deliverables and tasks that are similar to what it would be like working there fulltime. Unlike work experiences, internships can be paid and usually last for a longer term, think a summer break or a semester. As an intern, you will learn through first-hand experience what it's like to work at the company and often interns are brought on as full-time employees after graduation.
Work experience is a great way to test out a variety of fields if you're not sure exactly what you want to do. In contrast, an internship is a good way to further explore a career once you start to narrow down your career options.
Lastly, you might hear the word “placements” tossed around in the career office. Placements are usually one of the above (internships or work experience) but it is a part of your academic program. for example, medical programs have placements as a part of their coursework. Students will gain experience working in a medical setting while also receiving university credit.
It's not surprising to have people use these three phrases interchangeably so it's important to clarify with your employer or contact exactly what your role and scope of work will be at the company. This will give you a better idea of exactly what type of experience you'll be getting.
At university, I had an internship in the video department of my school. It wasn't a placement as I didn't receive college credit but I worked for two semesters, assisting the full-time video editors to create new videos, cut tape, and upload new content to our athletics' website. I'd found the internship by asking an advisor if they knew of anyone working in sports media. I didn't exactly want to become a video editor after graduation but I knew that I wanted to start to see how parts of the sports media world work and the internship was the best way to get started.
Now you know the difference between these opportunities, it's time to start searching in the real world. The internet has always been a reliable source for looking for job opportunities.
These are the three most popular websites in the UK for your search:
You can also go directly to the company's website to see if they have any openings or opportunities listed.
Here are some popular resources for internships for students in the US:
You can also work with your university's career department to learn more about opportunities through the school and alumni. Most universities will have a group of advisors and career counselors whose job is to help students find internship and work experiences. It's a great place to start if you're still figuring out what you're interested in. The trained counselors will be able to suggest industries and jobs you might not have thought about.
Lastly, don't forget to utilize your personal network in your internship and work experience search. Reach out to your professors, friends, and alumni to see if they know of any opportunities that might be interesting. Instead of outright asking, “Do you know of any companies that will hire me?”, ask them about their job and why they love doing what they do. You are focusing on them and their accomplishments instead of just asking for help. As the conversation progresses, you can start to ask about more specific ways that you could also break into the field.
I got my first internship at the digital agency by asking around my university alumni network. I first started emailing alumni asking about how they'd moved to China and what got them interested in their field. Through my emails, I was able to learn what companies interested me the most and I received several internship opportunities just by asking around.
Stay tuned for Part 2 of our series, where we will go over tips on how to bring your A-game at your internship interview.